Secretary of the Interior David Bernhardt

The U.S. Secretary of the Interior David Bernhardt directly intervened in an aerial goat cull underway in the Tetons last Friday, ordering Grand Teton National Park Acting Superintendent Gopaul Noojibail to “stand down,“ according to Wyoming Gov. Mark Gordon’s communications director.

The U.S. Secretary of the Interior directly intervened in an aerial goat cull underway in the Tetons last Friday, ordering Grand Teton National Park Acting Superintendent Gopaul Noojibail to “stand down.”

David Bernhardt, who presides over the National Park Service’s governmental parent, became involved in Teton Park’s affairs after his office received a sharply worded letter that Wyoming Gov. Mark Gordon sent to Noojibail the same day. The governor said he was “profoundly disappointed” that the park was “unilaterally aerially executing mountain goats” while Wyoming objected.

“Secretary Bernhardt reached out to the acting superintendent and requested that they ... stand down and not fly the helicopters,” Michael Pearlman, the governor’s communications director, said in a Monday press call. “It was probably somewhere between 5:30 and 6:30 p.m.”

Grand Teton officials are being tight-lipped about the lethal helicopter-based operation, other than saying it was “effective towards meeting our objective.” The flights were expected to take up to a week but were “paused” after a single day of shooting goats, according to spokeswoman Denise Germann. Through press time Monday, the park declined to say how many goats were killed or whether an expansive area closure in the Tetons had been lifted.

“The intent is to share the information after the operation is over,” Germann said.

The Wyoming Game and Fish Department is being kept in the dark for now, along with the public. Brian Nesvik, the agency’s director, told journalists in the same press call that he was unaware how many goats were killed during flights three days prior, or whether any of the nonnative ungulates remained alive in the park.

“Their silence, that’s up to them to talk about,” Nesvik said.

GTNP goat closure

Grand Teton National Park has not announced if the area outlined here has reopened to the public. A week-long aerial mountain goat culling operation that caused the closure started Friday, but was reportedly suspended.

Grand Teton Park and Game and Fish officials plan to meet Tuesday to discuss the future of the goat-killing efforts, he said. The state has advocated to let hunters go after the mountain goats, rather than commissioning contract gunners and leaving the carcasses in the mountains.

The state of Wyoming and the National Park Service are on the same page about the end goal of eradicating the Tetons’ approximately 100 mountain goats. The effort is designed to help a similar-sized native bighorn sheep herd that competes for habitat and could catch diseases from their exotic counterparts.

“We were concerned with the method, not the effect,” Nesvik said.

Game and Fish held an aggressive goat hunt outside the park on the west side of the Tetons last fall, and hunters managed to thin the herd by 23 animals.

At the urging of the state, the National Park Service adjusted its goat-culling planning documents last year, authorizing the use of “qualified volunteers,” aka hunters. National Park Service policies that emphasize letting nature take its course generally ban hunting.

When the park actually rolled out its goat-killing plans in January, officials announced that aerial gunning — not the so-called volunteers — would lead off the effort. The rationale was that the goats posed an imminent threat, and that using rifle or shotgun fire from a helicopter would be the most efficient way to kill them off.

Nesvik told journalists he doesn’t buy that argument. The park first pitched the idea of eradicating the Tetons’ goats in 2013 when an estimated “10 to 15” animals inhabited the range, though the plans weren’t finalized until 6 years later. In the meantime, the population ballooned.

The early January aerial operation was foiled by a weeklong winter storm, and afterward opposition from the state mounted. The Wyoming Game and Fish Commission signed a resolution “condemning” shooting goats in the Tetons and leaving their remains to decompose.

When the park announced last Thursday that its second attempt at the lethal flights would occur the next day, Nesvik phoned Noojibail and Gordon sent the superintendent the letter.

Gopaul Noojibail

Grand Teton National Park Acting Superintendent Gopaul Noojibail was ordered Friday by U.S. Secretary of the Interior David Bernhardt to suspend operations to kill mountain goats in the Teton Range. Bernhardt, who presides over the National Park Service’s governmental parent, became involved in the park’s affairs after his office received a sharply worded letter that Wyoming Gov. Mark Gordon sent to Noojibail the same day.

“Let me begin by expressing my profound disappointment that the National Park Service chose to act unilaterally aerially executing mountain goats over the state of Wyoming’s objections,” the governor wrote. “I’m simply at a loss for why the Park Service would ignore an opportunity to work towards a solution upon which we could both agree and can only take it as an expression of your regard for neighbors and of the respect you apparently do not have for Wyoming or our professionals.”

While the goat shoot was underway Friday, that letter was emailed to Bernhardt.

“After that — and I don’t have an exact timeline — Secretary Bernhardt reached out to the acting superintendent,” Pearlman said.

Noojibail later contacted Gordon and said he was willing to have a conversation about the goat-killing plans, he said.

Grand Teton National Park did not publicize the “pause” of its operations, but after word spread Monday the governor’s press office sent out a statement.

“I appreciate the excellent working relationship we have with Secretary Bernhardt,” Gordon said, “and that he is willing to discuss this issue in more detail without the pressure of ongoing aerial hunting.”

The Jackson Hole Daily’s requests to interview the park about the suspended goat-killing operation have been declined.

Contact Mike Koshmrl at 732-7067 or

Mike has reported on the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem's wildlife, wildlands and the agencies that manage them since 2012. A native Minnesotan, he arrived in the West to study environmental journalism at the University of Colorado.

(6) comments

Dennis Jones

When the Goats were shot, were they left to lay, and if so has the concept of a Grizzly spring jumped into anyones head?

Konrad Lau

It somehow seems strange to me that everyone terms the goats as “invasive”, yet they actually migrated into the region.

If everyone was so interested in science, it would seem this is a perfect demonstration of Mr. Darwin’s principal of “…survival of the fittest”.

This is a drama that has played out on our planet long before the rise of Mankind. Nothing in life is stable. Things are always changing. One species is driven into extinction by another. One civilization conquers another and incorporates its culture or eliminates it. Regional weather changes and drives multiple species into extinction.

A meteor strikes the Earth and wipes out virtually every dominant species…even those occupying space for millions of years.

Life goes on. It may not make you happy how it looks but then, you never had a choice in the matter.

If we kill these goats, more will come and then we will have to kill those as well.

If we were serious about the “issue”, we would conduct strikes against the home herd in the Snake River Basin as well.

Is that going to happen?

Marion Dickinson

Who decided that big horn sheep are "more valuable" than mountain goats? Big horn sheep are all over the state, but the goats are rare. If the powers that be absolutely feel they must "manage" nature, move the goats to a place where there are no sheep.

Konrad Lau

Of course, I am probably not the first to suggest this but...How about conducting an aerial cull of the wolves? That would take pressure off of EVERY other species in the region.

Jay Westemeier

And it would totally mess up the ecosystem, much like it was before wolves returned. The elk herd is thriving, even with reduced feeding and the wolves.

jeff muratore

These Rocky Mountain Goats are neither "non-native" or "exotic" as you have wrongly called them. This animal inhabits the Rocky Mountains and whether or not man has moved them to different places, would have eventually made it to Teton Park. How about we just leave them alone?

Welcome to the discussion.

Please note: Online comments may also run in our print publications.
Keep it clean. Please avoid obscene, vulgar, lewd, racist or sexually-oriented language.
Please turn off your CAPS LOCK.
No personal attacks. Discuss issues & opinions rather than denigrating someone with an opposing view.
No political attacks. Refrain from using negative slang when identifying political parties.
Be truthful. Don’t knowingly lie about anyone or anything.
Be proactive. Use the “Report” link on each comment to let us know of abusive posts.
Share with us. We’d love to hear eyewitness accounts or history behind an article.
Use your real name: Anonymous commenting is not allowed.